VE Day: The fall of Nazi Berlin in footage

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VE Day: The autumn of Nazi Berlin in footage

Soviet soldiers on the streets of Berlin 1945 Picture copyright Getty Photographs
Image caption Berlin finally fell after greater than two weeks of brutal street-by-street preventing

After almost four years of intense preventing, Soviet forces finally launched their assault on Berlin on 16 April 1945.

Nazi Germany had invaded the Soviet Union in June 1941 and killed an estimated 25 million of the nation's civilians and army.

But now, Adolf Hitler's Germany was on its knees. A depleted and disorganised garrison of about 95,000 confronted two full Soviet military groups attacking from the east and south.

In complete, some 1.5 million Soviet troops encircled and then assaulted the capital. It was the final main offensive of the struggle in Europe.

Soviet planes over Berlin 1945 Image copyright Getty Photographs
Picture caption Soviet forces encircled the town and attacked on the bottom and from the air
Civilians fleeing Soviet forces in Berlin 1945 Image copyright Getty Pictures
Image caption Terrified civilians tried to flee the town as Soviet forces advanced

Adolf Hitler refused to go away the capital, spending the final days of his life underground in the so-called F├╝hrerbunker within the centre of the town.

He last appeared above ground on his 56th birthday - 20 April 1945 - to award medals to these defending the town.

That same day, Soviet forces started to shell the town centre. Berlin was utterly surrounded by 23 April.

Adolf Hitler congratulates a 12-year-old German soldier Picture copyright Getty Pictures
Picture caption The Nazis used previous males and youngsters to defend their capital - right here Adolf Hitler awards medals to boy soldiers
Soviet soldiers on the streets of Berlin 1945 Picture copyright Getty Photographs
Picture caption In complete about 1.5 million Soviet troops encircled and assaulted the capital of Nazi Germany

Nazi forces have been vastly outnumbered and outgunned, and will do nothing but sluggish the Soviet advance.

On 30 April 1945, Hitler killed himself, the day after marrying Eva Braun. Their our bodies have been taken above floor and burned in a bomb crater nearby.

Not long afterwards, Soviet forces captured the shell-damaged Reichstag. A well-known staged photograph exhibits a Soviet soldier lifting the flag of the united states above the historic parliament constructing.

A Soviet soldier pictured hoisting a flag over the Reichstag in 1945 Picture copyright Getty Photographs
Image caption The well-known image of a Soviet flag hoisted over the Reichstag

The town officially surrendered on 2 Might, although preventing continued till the top of the conflict in Europe on 8 Might.

Berlin itself was left in ruins. Occupying Soviet troops gave out bread and necessities, but some soldiers also committed atrocities against civilians. Hundreds of girls have been raped.

Keitel signing surrender, 8 May 45 Picture copyright Getty Photographs
Image caption 8 Might 1945: Marshal Wilhelm Keitel indicators Nazi Germany's unconditional give up close to Berlin
A plane shot down near the Reichstag in Berlin 1945 Picture copyright Getty Pictures
Image caption The town was devastated by road preventing and earlier British and US bombing
Soviet soldiers hand out bread to civilians in Berlin 1945 Picture copyright Getty Pictures
Image caption Soviet forces gave out soup and bread to civilians who remained after the fall of the town

Berlin was occupied by the victorious Allied powers after the conflict.

Civilians began to clear up the town, and the leaders of the US, UK and USSR all met within the Berlin suburb of Potsdam just months after the warfare ended to shape the peace.

Civilians clearing rubble in Berlin 1945 Picture copyright Getty Pictures
Picture caption Civilians shortly started the lengthy process of clearing up the town
Potsdamer Platz ruins, Aug 1945 Image copyright Getty Photographs
Image caption The ruins of Potsdamer Platz
Winston Churchill sitting on a chair outside Hitler's bunker 1945 Picture copyright Getty Pictures
Image caption British Prime Minister Winston Churchill visited Berlin in July 1945, and sat on a chair outdoors Hitler's bunker

All footage copyright.

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